Active mayors are an asset when they provide leadership to and for the council. It appears that the mayor you describe needs to channel his or her energy into a constructive approach to leadership. The key contributions of the mayor are to help shape a shared vision for the city and facilitate communication in three areas: within the council, between the council and the manager, and between the community as a whole and city government. This type of leadership entails that mayors respect the role of the manager as the executive of the organization as well as incorporating the views of other council members when they articulate their goals or speak for the city. Mayors who step into administrative tasks in city hall are undercutting the city manager and at the same time distancing themselves from the council. Thus, the two key leadership positions in city government are being weakened by the assertive mayor. The model of political leaders that is widely held in the media and the public mind stresses that the mayor be “in charge” and exercise control. In contrast, the literature on leadership in all kinds of organizations—including city government--finds that collaborative approaches are preferred to authoritarian and power-based methods. In addition to orientation, the roles of the mayor, council, and manager are important topics to be covered at a council retreat. Discussion of the mayor’s role and case studies of effective mayors are found in my book The Facilitative Leader in City Hall: Reexamining the Scope and Contributions (Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2008).